1, Albert Szent-Györgyi– Szent -Györgyi Albert, as known as the scientist who discovered Vitamin C. He was also the first scientist to receive a Nobel Prize for all the work he has done in Hungary. He lived in Hungary during the Second World War (WWII), and he worked as a spy to aid the Hungarian Resistance.
2, Ignac Philip Semmelweis – Semmelweis Ignác Fülöp, was a Hungarian physician and scientist, as known as an early pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Remembered as the “saviour of mothers”, Semmelweis discovered the incidence of puerperal fever (also known as “childbed fever”) that could be drastically cut by disinfecting the hands in obstetrical clinics. He was a saviour doctor who basically came up with the compulsory hand wash for doctors with a chlorinated solution before any procedure in order not to transfer lethal bacteria to other patients, especially mothers giving birth. If you want to learn more about this, check out our article about. Ignaz Semmelweis, the saviour of mothers.
3, Edward Teller –Teller Ede was a Hungarian – American theoretical physicist who is known colloquially as “the father of the Hydrogen bomb” although he didn’t care for the title, and was only part of a team who developed the technology. Throughout his life, Teller was known both for his scientific ability and for his difficult interpersonal relations and volatile personality.
4, John von Neumann – Neumann János Lajos was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist and polymath. Neumann was generally regarded as the foremost mathematician of his time and said to be “the last representative of the great mathematicians” a genius who was comfortable integrating both pure and applied scientist. He made major contributions to a number of fields, including mathematics, foundations of mathematics, geometry functional analysis, operator algebras and statistics.
5, Josef Pulitzer– Pulitzer József journalist. Did you ever hear about the Pulitzer Prize? József Pulitzer was working as a journalist in Saint Louise, where he quickly became famous for his satirical writings. He later became a media mogul and moved to New York, where he laid the foundations of modern journalism, as well as introducing many new genres in journalism. He became a leading national figure in the Democratic Party and was elected congressman from New York. He crusaded against big business and corruption and helped keep the Statue of Liberty in New York.
6, Andrew Steven Grove – Gróf András István engineer, author, a pioneer in the semiconductor industry and businessman. He emigrated to the United States in 1957 and became the Engineer Director of the newly established company Intel. The company became one of the biggest microchip producers in the world. He was among the ones who laid the foundations of modern technology. He was one of the founders and the CEO of the company helping transform it into the world’s largest manufacturer of semiconductors. As a result of his work there, along with his books and professional articles, Grove had a considerable influence on electronics manufacturing industries worldwide. He has been called the “guy who drove the growth phase” of Silicon Valley. In 1997, Time magazine chose him as A “Man of the Year”, for being “the person most responsible for the amazing growth in the power and the innovative potential of microchips. One source notes that by his accomplishments at Intel alone, he “merits a place alongside the great business leaders of the 20th century. Alongside one of the defining figure of the 20th century.
7, Michael Kertész– Kertész Mihály. You might know him as Michael Curtiz, the creative director you never heard of. He was one of the firsts to start directing silent movies, and he directed over 40 movies during his career in Hungary. Later he emigrated to the United States, where he was hired by Warner Brothers. In the U.S., he directed over 100 films, including the all-time-favourite Casablanca.
8, And the list goes on with Kálmán Tihanyi– Tihanyi Kálmán, who was a physicist, electrical engineer ad of course inventor. One of the early pioneers of electric television he made significant contributions to the development of CRTs (cathode ray tubes) which were bought and further developed by the Radio Corporation of America, (later RCA), and German companies Loewe and Fernesh AG. He invented and designed the world’s first automatic robot pilot aircraft in Great Britain Kálmán Tihanyi, a physicist and electrical engineer who invented the iconoscope which launched the era of electrical televisions too.
9, Ányos Steven Jedlik – Jedlik Ányos István was a Benedictine priest, inventor, engineer, physicist. He was also a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and author of several books. He is considered by Hungarians and Slovaks to be the unsung father of the Dynamo and electric motor/engine.
10, John Irinyi– Irinyi János was a chemist and inventor of the noiseless and non-explosive match. He achieved this, by mixing the phosphorus with lead dioxide instead of the potassium chlorate used previously. Even though now relatively less often used due to lighters and spark ignition devices, the invention itself has been a very important milestone in the history of fire use.
Irinyi also took part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.